Freight Container
According to ISO 668:1995(E), freight container means an article of transport equipment which is:

a) of a permanent character and accordingly strong enough to be suitable for repeated use;
b) specially designed to facilitate the carriage of goods, by one or more mode of transport, without intermediate reloading;
c) fitted with devices permitting its ready handling, particularly its transfer from one mode of transport to another;
d) so designed as to be easy to fill and empty;
e) stackable; and,
f) having an internal volume of 1 cubic meter or more.

Under above definition, swap bodies are excluded. Although without internal volume, however, and therefore not satisfying criterion (f) above, flats used in maritime transport should be considered a special type of container and therefore are included here.In practice, the term “iso freight containers” is also usually used, and that word means freight vans complying with all relevant ISO container standards in existence at the time of its manufacture. The term "container", unless clearly explain otherwise, means iso freight container and is used throughout this website.The container standardization process went along with history of container. During that time, the "Father of Containerization" - Malcolm McLean, conceived the innovative idea of using such "boxes" in his Sealand Inc, and overcame many challenges to make the receptacle so popular in the shipping world.

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