INCOTERMS 2010: Standard Trade Definitions Used In International Freight Transactions
For those involved in international freight transactions, the following explanations of international standard trade definitions are useful in outlining risks and responsibilities between buyers and sellers. This page highlights the Incoterms 2010 changes from Incoterms 2000.
Conversion Table
Conversion Table
Dangerous Goods
Dangerous Goods
World Phone Directory
World Phone Directory
Freight Container
According to ISO 668:1995(E), freight container means an article of transport equipment which is: a) of a permanent character and accordingly strong enough to be suitable for repeated use; b) specially designed to facilitate the carriage of goods, by one or more mode of transport, without intermediate reloading;
Shipping container sizes
Shipping container sizes as well as markings, specifications are to comply with international standards so that containers can be used as intermodal receptacles. Of course, there are always special containers which have length and width dimensions similar to those of ISO ones but have different heights and weights. Such non-standard boxes may not be intermodal worldwide.
Container types
There are many container types which, for easy understanding, can be divided into standard and non-standard containers. Non-standard containers may be similar to ISO containers but may not be intermodal worldwide and their operation could require special arrangement.
International Commercial Terms (INCOTERMS)
The INCOTERMS (International Commercial Terms) is a universally recognized set of definitions of international trade terms, such as FOB, CFR and CIF, developed by the International Chamber of Commerce (ICC) in Paris, France. It defines the trade contract responsibilities and liabilities between buyer and seller. It is invaluable and a cost-saving tool.
Container Specifications & Unit Load Devices
A unit load device, or ULD, is a pallet or container used to load luggage, freight, and mail on wide-body aircraft and specific narrow-body aircraft.
Container types
There are many container types which, for easy understanding, can be divided into standard and non-standard containers. Non-standard containers may be similar to ISO containers but may not be intermodal worldwide and their operation could require special arrangement.
INCOTERMS 2000 Chart of Responsibility
Incoterms 2000 are standard trade definitions most commonly used in international sales contracts. Devised and published by the International Chamber of Commerce, they are at the heart of world trade.
Tỷ giá & Giá vàng
Code Buy Transfer Sell
EUR 26708.12 26788.49 27032.61
GBP 30111.09 30323.35 30593.84
HKD 2868.96 2889.18 2932.5
INR 0 351.59 365.39
JPY 198.63 200.64 202.43
KRW 19.29 20.3 21.58
KWD 0 75032.06 77977.56
MYR 0 5545.35 5617.24
NOK 0 2691.52 2775.93
RUB 0 386.99 431.23
SAR 0 6042.26 6279.46
SEK 0 2666.99 2734.18
SGD 16659.66 16777.1 16960.64
THB 684.5 684.5 713.06
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